Microcontroller Vs Microprocessor

Microcontroller Vs Microprocessor

Microcontrollers and microprocessors are two types of computer chips. The former uses semiconductor technology and is suitable for various uses, while the latter is more powerful and can execute millions of instructions per second. Both have advantages and disadvantages. Microcontrollers are cheaper and require less memory and computing power.

Microcontrollers are more suitable for low-power applications

A microcontroller has a low power consumption and is more suitable for low-power applications than a microprocessor. This is because the modern microcontrollers have multiple low-power modes. Microprocessors, on the other hand, require external hardware that may not be optimized for low-power operations. A microcontroller’s internal peripherals are optimized to operate in a specific mode and consume minimal power.

Microcontrollers are often used as digital signal processors. They are used in applications where incoming analog signals are noisy and cannot be translated to standard digital values. They can convert noisy analog signals into digital signals, enabling them to function as a sensor for a variety of sensors and other devices. They are often found in office machines, ATMs, and security systems.

They require less computing power

Microcontrollers are smaller and require less computing power than microprocessors. They are used in embedded systems where they can do a variety of tasks without requiring a lot of power. In contrast, microprocessors are more powerful but typically require a large amount of external power. As a result, the price of microcontrollers tends to be lower than those of microprocessors.

Microprocessors are typically used in large, complex systems, which require more processing power. Microcontrollers are smaller and have specific, predefined tasks. They have a limited amount of memory. Microcontrollers are often used in temperature sensors, light sensing devices, and other industrial applications.

They are cheaper than microprocessors

Microprocessors are more complex than microcontrollers, so they’re generally better suited for high-end systems that need large amounts of memory and other peripherals. They also tend to have more internal complexity, with many features such as hardware floating point, a large cache memory, and a fast CPU. While microcontrollers are cheaper, they’re generally easier to find.

Microcontrollers are often used in smaller devices, which makes them cheaper than microprocessors. They can be used in embedded systems, and don’t require a dedicated power supply. Compared to microprocessors, microcontrollers can run for months on a single battery.

They have lower processing power

A microcontroller is a small processor, which is less expensive than a microprocessor. It is used for various purposes, including gaming and complex home security. Unlike a microprocessor, it does not have its own internal memory. This allows it to use external memory to store data and operations. It also has a lower total power consumption, making it more suitable for devices that run on stored power. A microcontroller also has a power-saving mode to save power.

The difference between a microcontroller and a microprocessor lies in their internal processing power. Microprocessors have large amounts of memory, with 512 MB being typical. Microcontrollers have a relatively small amount of memory, ranging from 32 KB to 2 MB. A microcontroller does not have as much memory and therefore does not consume as much energy as a microprocessor.

What is Surface Mount Soldering?

What is Surface Mount Soldering?

Surface mount soldering is the process of soldering electronic components by applying flux to the surface of the components. Typical soldering components include resistors, capacitors, diodes, and inductors, which all have two terminals. ICs, on the other hand, have more than two legs, and have one pad per leg. When soldering ICs, the legs should be lightly tinned, preferably the corner pad.

Surface mount soldering

When soldering surface-mounted components, you must be careful to align the components properly. For instance, the leads on a TQFP microcontroller are very small and require precise placement. If you want to ensure that the soldering will work properly, you should first cut the excess leads.

Surface-mount soldering requires special skills and equipment. Unlike conventional soldering, it requires close monitoring of the amount of heat used. It’s not recommended for large components and high-voltage components. For these reasons, some PCBs that use large components require a combination of surface mount and through-hole soldering techniques. Moreover, surface-mount soldering creates weaker connections than through-hole soldering, which is not always suitable for components that experience sheer force.

Despite the fact that surface mount soldering can lead to less expensive PCBs, there are many issues involved with this process. For example, a bad connection can ruin the entire board. To avoid these problems, it’s best to avoid rushing when soldering. A good soldering technique will be developed over time.


The type of flux that is used in surface mount soldering is very important, as it will greatly affect the final result. Flux helps in removing oxides from connections and helps in heat distribution. It is contained in a flux-cored solder wire that flows out when it comes into contact with the hot connection. This prevents further oxidation of the metal. The flux is applied in one of three ways: by brush, needle, or felt pen.

The flux can fail to meet soldering requirements if it is not properly cleaned before the soldering process. Impurities in the flux can prevent the solder from adhering to the components, which may result in a non-wetting solder joint. During the soldering process, the solder paste should be reheated between 300degF and 350degF. Afterward, the temperature should be adjusted to around 425degF and the solder will be melted.

Reflow soldering

Reflow soldering is a surface mount soldering process in which the solder paste flows to the pads of the printed circuit board without overheating. This process is very reliable and is ideal for soldering surface mount components with excellent pitch leads. The PCB and electrics must be properly secured before the solder paste is melted.

The reflow soldering process has four basic stages. These stages are preheat, thermal soak, reflow, and cooling. These steps are crucial for forming a good solder joint. In addition, the heat must be applied in a controlled manner to avoid damage to the components and PCB. If the temperature is too high, components may crack, and solder balls may form.

Reflow soldering equipment

Surface mount soldering is the process of joining two items by heating them together. It is different from welding because it involves closely monitoring the amount of heat being used. Unlike welding, surface mount soldering is done on the surface of a board rather than through holes. This makes it much cheaper to manufacture and more accessible for manufacturing companies.

The process of reflow soldering is a time-consuming process that requires quality components and PCB. It also requires a profile to make sure the soldering process is consistent and repeatable. However, it is worth the extra effort if it means producing high quality circuit boards.

Temperature recommendations for surface mount soldering

To avoid overheating or damageing the components, it is essential to maintain an optimal soldering temperature range. For surface mount applications, this range is between 210 and 260 degrees Celsius. For lead-free components, a higher temperature is recommended. For more information, refer to the J-STD-020C standard.

The soldering temperature range is defined by the soldering profile, which takes into account the composition of components and paste as well as components that have high thermal masses. Before starting the process, prepare the board by applying solder paste. Once this is done, attach the correct contacts to the board. Then, insert it into a vapour phase soldering machine. The heating system then begins the soldering process and follows a pre-set temperature course.

To solder lead-free wire, the soldering iron should be set to at least 600 deg F. Once set to the proper temperature, hold the tip against the lead to allow the solder to flow around the lead. When the solder joint has formed, it should look like a slight pyramid. Trim the lead, if necessary, but remember that removing excess lead may damage the solder joint.

How to Reduce PCB Design Errors and Increase Efficiency

How to Reduce PCB Design Errors and Increase Efficiency

In order to reduce pcb design errors, it is important to use the right design tools. Using a simulation tool such as Schematic Diagram Simulator can eliminate a number of design mistakes. It is also a good idea to have a second designer check your work to ensure that it is error-free.

Schematic diagram simulation

Schematic diagram simulation is a process that allows engineers to simulate a complete circuit board in a single step. This saves a lot of time during the design process, improves board quality, and increases efficiency. The simulation allows engineers to make changes to their designs by tweaking component values and stimuli. It helps them avoid costly design mistakes and increases the chance of a perfect design.

Modern EDA software packages come with tools that facilitate the capture and simulation of schematic diagrams. Understanding these tools will help reduce the cost of designing PCBs. Some of these packages also offer the ability to output netlists, which are compatible with various simulation packages. Netlists are useful for describing the connections between symbols on a schematic diagram.

Another important function of schematic diagram simulation is to check signal connections. A schematic simulation process includes creating a test bench and connecting probes to the nodes in order to measure their voltages and waveforms. If a signal is not connected properly, the simulation process automatically checks the connections between the nodes.

Having a second designer review the design

Having a second designer review a design can reduce the chances of pcb design errors. Since designers tend to focus on a specific purpose and often work under deadlines, they are prone to miss some design flaws. Another designer can spot these flaws and make necessary changes. The reviewer can also identify any missing documentation that can delay the manufacturing process.

Design reviews are an essential part of the PCB development process. The objective of these reviews is to ensure the PCB design is functional and meets project specifications. They also check the interconnection of circuits. Peer reviews also help to detect mistakes that a designer might have missed.

Avoiding fabrication errors

During the design process, there are several factors to consider to avoid fabrication errors. These include environmental issues, PCB layout, and end-product conditions. If you fail to keep these factors in mind, you’ll run the risk of having a board that cannot be manufactured or will have to be redone, which will cost you more money and time.

The process of PCB design is a complicated one, and mistakes can negatively impact the finished product. Listed below are five common mistakes to avoid when designing a PCB. Failure to follow these tips will result in an ineffective prototype and extended time to market. Fortunately, there are many ways to avoid these mistakes, including design prototyping, review processes, and collaboration with suppliers.

Designing a PCB requires technological skills and precision. Even a small layout can present unique challenges. The latest tools and techniques can help engineers avoid common mistakes and ensure the best possible quality.

Using design tools to reduce pcb design errors

There are a variety of design tools that can improve the efficiency and reduce PCB design errors. Advanced layout and routing tools can help you avoid design errors. They can also optimize the routes of complicated interfaces. These tools can also help you avoid unnecessary iterations and increase productivity.

Another way to reduce PCB design errors is to use collaborative tools. These software applications allow you to collaborate with your team members as well as outside parties. They help you connect with suppliers, monitor materials purchased, and even communicate with customers. They can also help you reduce errors by allowing different team members to view and analyze the design data in real time, which helps you make smarter decisions.

PCB layout tools are programs that help you automate the creation, verification, and documentation of printed circuit boards. These software applications allow you to define the board outline, add footprints from a decal library, import a netlist, route circuits, and check for design errors. These tools also allow you to create a prototype and run it through various test procedures.

Things to Keep in Mind When Choosing a Reliable Electronic Contract Manufacturer

Things to Keep in Mind When Choosing a Reliable Electronic Contract Manufacturer

There are several important aspects to keep in mind while choosing a reliable electronic contract manufacturer. These include environmental considerations, certifications, and the cost of materials. It is important to find a manufacturer with experience in the field, as well as a good reputation in the market.

Environmental considerations

One of the most important aspects of choosing a reliable electronic contract manufacturer is the environment. A good electronics contract manufacturer will always consider the environment when developing their products. As a result, you should always seek a manufacturer who is Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) compliant. By doing so, you’ll protect the environment and show your customers that you’re a responsible company.

Another key consideration is the level of expertise that a contract manufacturer has in the engineering field. A good electronic contract manufacturer will have engineering resources to ensure that your projects are designed correctly and utilize the most up-to-date technologies. You can also look into the company’s reputation for quality.

Environmental considerations are increasingly relevant to businesses and industries today. These include reducing single-use plastics, introducing new storage solutions, and implementing clean transportation schemes. Many contract electronics manufacturers are taking steps to reduce their environmental impact by reviewing their entire manufacturing process, from product development to distribution.

Years of experience

Experience is an important factor when choosing a reliable electronic contract manufacturer. A company with years of experience in producing electronic devices will have a comprehensive understanding of industry standards and have the expertise and equipment to execute the necessary processes. They will also work to improve your product, providing suggestions and input on the process.

If you’re working to launch a new product, time to market is crucial. The faster the product hits the market, the more likely it will be profitable. A good electronic contract manufacturer will be able to reduce manufacturing time by leveraging their expertise, advanced tools, and relationships with components manufacturers.

In addition to experience, it’s important to look for the certifications a company has earned. Certifications are proof of a company’s commitment to excellence and provide an additional level of accountability. Certifications also ensure that the manufacturer follows regulations and best practices.


When choosing a contract manufacturer, it’s important to make sure that they have the right certifications to produce your products. There are different certifications required for different industries. It is important to discuss certification requirements with your contract manufacturer ahead of time. For example, you may want to know if your contract manufacturer is certified to meet RoHS regulations.

Certifications are important for the quality of electronic products. They demonstrate an unwavering commitment to quality and provide a certain level of accountability for your business. Moreover, they protect your customers by ensuring that your contract manufacturer follows best practices and industry standards. For example, a company that is ISO 9001 certified has demonstrated its commitment to quality and customer satisfaction.

Another consideration when choosing a contract manufacturer is the company’s environmental responsibility. The best electronics manufacturing service providers are always concerned with the environment. As such, a prospective electronics contract manufacturer should be Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) compliant. This way, you can rest assured that your electronic products won’t contain toxic materials, and you will also be able to show your customers that you care about the environment.

Cost of materials

When choosing an electronic contract manufacturer, it is important to pay attention to the cost of materials and timeframe for delivery. Some companies offer a wide range of services and products, but it is important to consider the costs and timeframe before signing an agreement. While outsourcing can be an efficient way to save money and time, choosing the right manufacturer for your specific needs can be a challenging task.

Materials cost is the biggest factor in product pricing. This factor includes the cost of raw materials, purchased parts, and bill of materials. Materials costs are often baked into the design of the product and depend on a variety of factors, including the materials’ specifications, availability, and precision. Additionally, the cost of labor is a significant factor. When choosing a contract manufacturer, you should consider what type of labor they use and the cost difference between skilled and unskilled labor.

EMS companies should be able to demonstrate the latest techniques and equipment. Visiting their facility in person will help you see their processes and determine whether they are capable of meeting your needs. It is also important to check out the company’s financial stability. This is important because financial stability will help minimize lead times and ensure a smooth manufacturing process.

How to Place and Install Decoupling Capacitors During PCB Layout

How to Place and Install Decoupling Capacitors During PCB Layout

Decoupling capacitors are components used to reduce high-frequency noise and electromagnetic interference in a circuit. They can also provide power to an IC. This article will discuss the placement guidelines for these capacitors. By following these guidelines, you will be able to design a circuit with lower costs and less risk of manufacturing errors.

Reduces high-frequency noise in power supply signals

Noise in power supplies can negatively affect the performance of a device. This unwanted energy is often generated by high-frequency power conversion switching circuits. Noise can also be radiated from wires or PCB traces. Several practices can help minimize noise in power supplies. Here are three common practices.

First, identify the source of the noise. This noise can originate from many different sources, including switching-frequency noise and ringing after switching transitions. The noise can also be caused by multiple switching regulators in a system. This type of noise can be reduced with signal analysis techniques.

In addition to shielding cables, use enclosures and filters to reduce radiated noise. Enclosures with openings that are a quarter wavelength or smaller can reduce most of the noise. If you are using a data acquisition unit, make sure that the enclosure is designed to minimize noise radiated from the equipment.

Reduces electromagnetic interference

Decoupling capacitors are used in circuit boards to prevent interference from stray electromagnetic waves. In PCB layout, capacitors are installed on the power plane and on the ground plane. This separation prevents parallel capacitances, which can cause problems in electromagnetic compatibility. In addition, capacitor PCBs have uniform distributions and high frequency response. To achieve the best results, these components should be placed close to power and ground planes. Circuits that produce high power and high speed signals should be placed close to the ground plane and circuits that produce low power and low frequency signals should be laid closer to the surface or power plane.

When installing decoupling capacitors on PCB layout, make sure you select capacitors with high value that are located as close to the source of interference as possible. They should also be placed near the connectors for input signals. Ideally, these capacitors should be placed in series with the trace. It is recommended to select capacitors that are at least 10 times larger than the total decoupling capacitance of the circuit.

Can provide power to an IC

Power-supply pins are the terminals used to provide voltage and current to an IC. Typically, an IC has two power-supply pins. These pins are connected to the power rails of the circuit. The pins are labeled differently depending on the manufacturer and family of ICs.

Placement guidelines for decoupling capacitors

When designing a PCB layout, decoupling capacitor placement is an important step to ensure the power and signal integrity of the board. By following the proper placement guidelines, you can ensure that the capacitors are placed in optimal locations. These guidelines can be found in the component datasheet.

In a PCB layout, decoupling capacitors are typically placed on the same layer as the digital ground pour. They are also sometimes connected between two separate PCB ground pours. Decoupling capacitors must be placed close to component pins to ensure smooth current flow in the plane. When designing a decoupling capacitor, it is recommended that it have the highest nominal capacitance possible.

In addition to following the placement guidelines above, decoupling capacitors should be placed as close as possible to the voltage pin of the component. This helps reduce overall connection inductance and improve high-frequency filtering.

How to Set Up the Via Cover Oil for a Through-Hole Plug

How to Set Up the Via Cover Oil for a Through-Hole Plug

You may be wondering how to design a via cover oil for a through-hole plug. Well, the good news is that there are a number of ways to do it. There are several important factors you need to take into account. These include the design of the plug, the type of oil you use, and the type of via you need.

Through-hole plug oil

The first step in setting up a through-hole plug is to drain the old oil from the system. To do this, remove the stock plug or filler cap. This will speed up the process. Be careful when draining the oil, however, because it may be hot.

The next step in setting up a through-hole plug oil is to send a new pad design to the factory. It is important to check that the hole in the pad is useful for the via as well. If not, then you will have to use green oil. It is important to remember that green oil covers the hole, but will not prevent welding.

Via cover oil

Via cover oil fills the hole in the via and protects it from short circuits. It is also known as via plug oil. This type of via plugging oil is opaque and covers the entire hole. Unlike the through-hole plug oil, however, it does not accept false copper or orifice ink.

Via cover oil is created by converting a pad or protel file. It is then applied over a conductive hole. It is essential to close the via property setting window after applying this oil. The via cover oil is a necessary part of the soldering process. It can be used in both single and multiple-conductor circuits.

Via cover oil is used to cover conductive holes and pad holes in a conductive assembly. To apply the solder mask layer, simply select the via attribute and click “tenting.” Alternatively, you can use the solder mask layer to apply solder to pads and vias.

Designing a via cover oil

When designing a via, there are a few things to consider. First, it’s important to cover the via with oil. Fortunately, the via attribute on the Protel software allows you to do this. There are also tenting options for vias that you can use. These tents can be used to cover oil that flows through a via’s open window. You can also use a pad to press the oil into the via’s opening window.

In some instances, a via cover oil is necessary for plug-in holes. Otherwise, the plug-in hole will be covered in green oil and will not be usable. As such, you should always make sure to coat the hole with tin before applying the via cover oil. It’s also important to use the correct pad designs for a via.

A via cover oil covers the solder ring on a via and prevents short circuits while the component is in use. It is also important to consider via plugging. This type of via cover oil plugs the hole in the via, preventing any oil from flowing through. A good standard for via plugging is an opaque color. If you’re not comfortable working with opaque ink, you can use a non-opaque via plug oil.

By following these steps, you can make a gerber file that shows the design of your via cover oil. You can then send this file to a manufacturing company for manufacturing. Make sure you understand the requirements and gerber file before you order the part.

What is Reflow Soldering and Wave Soldering?

What is Reflow Soldering and Wave Soldering?

Reflow soldering is a process that uses a reflow oven to melt solder paste onto the components’ pads. It works well for surface mount components, which will naturally straighten out of the way when the solder is melted. However, this method is more time-consuming, and is expensive.

Issues with reflow soldering

Wave soldering is a faster soldering process than reflow soldering. Reflow soldering is ideal for mixed-assembly PCBs with THT or DIP components. But wave soldering can cause bridging if solder flows over the solder mask dam. And reflow soldering temperatures are higher for a longer period, so board thermal characteristics are important.

Reflow soldering uses a four-stage soldering process, with each stage focusing on transferring sufficient heat to the assembly. The key is to avoid damaging components and the PCB by overheating the assembly. Otherwise, components could crack and/or solder balls could result.

Reflow soldering requires a clean PCB before it can be used. Wave soldering uses solvents or deionized water to clean the PCB prior to soldering. But, wave soldering has certain problems that make it less ideal for a variety of PCB applications.

Wave soldering is faster and produces a more reliable solder joint. However, it is more complicated than reflow soldering. Its complexity requires close monitoring of the process, and it is prone to board design defects. However, it does have its benefits.

Wave soldering is less expensive than reflow soldering. It can be faster and more environmentally friendly, but requires close inspection of the board during the soldering process. While wave soldering is the most environmentally friendly option, reflow soldering is not suited for fast mass production.

Time consuming process

The differences between reflow soldering and wave solders are many, and it can be difficult to determine which method to use when procuring PCB assembly services. In most cases, the choice depends on the assembly process and the amount of soldering required. While these two processes are very similar, they can have distinct advantages and disadvantages. For example, the reflow soldering process is faster and is more cost-effective, while the wave soldering process requires more time and effort.

Both reflow and wave soldering methods use a whole container of molten solder to adhere components to a PCB. During the soldering process, the tin bar is heated to very high temperatures. When this happens, the molten tin liquefies. Then, it is pumped up with a pump, which causes an upwelling of solder. As the PCB passes over the wave, the components are soldered to the board.

Reflow soldering is a popular process for assembling electronic components. Its advantages are that it requires no adhesive and holds the components in place. Unlike wave soldering, reflow soldering is less expensive and more precise.

Wave soldering is more difficult and time consuming than reflow soldering, and requires close inspection. It is also less environmentally friendly than reflow soldering. However, if you’re planning to assemble a large number of electronic components, wave soldering is the better option.


Wave soldering and reflow soldering are two processes that can be used for electrical connections. These two processes are mainly used in the electronics industry to create solder joints between electronic components. However, they both require a high level of expertise and can be expensive. In order to make sure that the process is done properly and will not cause damage to the electronic components, the professional should follow a set of guidelines for reflow soldering.

When it comes to electrical connections, reflow soldering is a better option than wave soldering. Wave soldering is more complex and requires careful handling. Reflow soldering is a better choice for mixed assemblies. This type of soldering involves heating the board to a higher temperature. The process is also faster, but the components are held in place during the process.

Both reflow and wave soldering require the PCB to be cleaned. With wave soldering, the PCB is cleaned with deionized water or solvents. With reflow, solder bridges can form. Both reflow and wave soldering can be costly, but both processes can make high-quality electronic components.

Reflow soldering requires a special controlled environment. Wave soldering is more complex and requires precise monitoring of the temperature and the length of time the board spends in the solder wave. The process is often used in high-volume applications, such as on printed circuit boards.

How to Improve Wiring Efficiency in PCB Design

How to Improve Wiring Efficiency in PCB Design

If you’re wondering how to improve wiring efficiency in your PCB design, you’ve come to the right place. This article will cover topics such as using a common ground on your PCB, using a copper-coated power layer and using 45-degree angle traces. It also discusses using software simulation packages.

Common ground on a PCB

A common ground on a PCB is an important design feature for electrical circuits. In the absence of common ground, signals may not return to the source properly. This is due to the fact that different ground potentials in different parts of a circuit cause current to bounce around and travel shorter paths than the intended ones. Because of this, the sending and return ground connections between boards must be planned accordingly. In particular, planning for dynamic variance is important for long-distance cables. Common-mode chokes and optical isolators can be used to keep this variance under control.

A PCB has multiple layers, each of which needs to be connected to one another. It is possible to eliminate conductive rings by using multi-vias. In addition to providing a conductive path between layers, vias can reduce parasitic grounding problems. Vias can also be placed in different locations. While they take up space on the PCB, good via placement will ensure that each signal has an ample return path and will not cause a ground loop.

Using a copper-coated power layer

The use of copper on PCBs has several benefits. First, the copper layer reduces the return area of signal lines. Second, it decreases the effects of electromagnetic interference from the external environment. And third, the copper coating on a PCB improves its electrical and thermal conductivity.

Heavy copper circuitry has long been used in power electronics products for military and aerospace applications, but it has recently gained momentum in industrial applications. Increasing market requirements will likely further extend its use in the near future. At PCBA123, we offer design and manufacturing services for heavy-copper circuit boards.

As the electronics industry moves toward higher power densities and miniaturization, heat generation is a common concern. To combat this problem, copper layers are often embedded in multi-layer PCBs to provide additional space for heat dissipation. However, these PCBs can be difficult to fabricate and may require the use of gap filling.

Using 45-degree angle traces

Engineers often discourage using 45-degree angle traces for PCB designs. Sharp corners cause problems with manufacturability. The metal is susceptible to expansion and contraction at sharp angles. Additionally, the etching process is more difficult when the trace is at an angle. This results in a narrower trace width and an increased risk of shorts.

90-degree angle traces are not recommended for printed circuit boards due to the RF interference they create. However, the 90-degree traces are not entirely useless – they can be replaced with 45-degree angle traces. While there are some disadvantages to RF interference, they are not enough to make 90-degree angles unsuitable.

Another advantage of any-angle traces is that they can drastically reduce wire length and area. For example, if you place two or more identical components on the same PCB, you’ll only need to route one wire instead of two. In addition, the length of each wire is reduced by as much as twice.

Using software simulation packages

Using software simulation packages to improve wiring efficiency during PCB design can be a powerful tool for designers. It can make their work much faster. The Proteus software is one such solution. It is easy to use and comes with many features. For example, it allows users to customize their project templates and customize tool shortcuts. The software is also free and can be used across various platforms.

Using simulation packages is an excellent way to ensure that the PCB is designed correctly and will function properly. It is important to choose software that can simulate both analog and digital circuits. You should also choose one that supports a range of input and output formats.

PCB123 is another good option. It is free to download and has low system requirements. It also provides unlimited drill sizes, slots, and cutouts, and has unlimited user support.