3 Inspection Methods For Short Circuit of PCB Board Soldering

3 Inspection Methods For Short Circuit of PCB Board Soldering

There are several methods to inspect the soldering process on a PCB board. These include optical, X-ray and infrared imaging. During your assembly process, you should practice the six inspection methods before completing your assembly. You can also refer to the PCB design drawing to get a better understanding of the connection methods.

Infrared imaging

IR imaging is a good way to detect a short circuit in a PCB board. It can help engineers and technicians pinpoint the location of any short circuit on the board. However, it is not as effective for checking the board’s inner layers, where it can’t be seen.

Thermal imaging is another way to check for PCB board soldering defects. It is more accurate and fast than conventional methods, and enables technicians to quickly identify faulty PCBs. It can also be used for quality assurance purposes, and is controlled by a remote PC.

Infrared imaging for short circuit inspection requires special training for operators. The images can be compared with a reference PCB to check for errors. In some cases, the operator can zoom in to see finer bond wires.


One of the most important aspects of PCB board soldering is the quality of solder joints. These joints can be easily spotted with the aid of X-ray inspection methods. Because of the high penetrating power of X-ray, it can penetrate substances that are invisible to the human eye. Moreover, this kind of inspection is cost-effective. Nevertheless, the disadvantages of this method are that it is not scalable, and the data collection is not always accurate.

X-ray inspection methods for PCB board soldering include the AOI and AXI techniques. In this method, X-rays are sent through the PCBA and trigger an image on an electronic detector. This image is then displayed on a computer in a digital form. In general, the AOI and AXI methods can be used to find defects early in the manufacturing process.

When PCB board soldering methods fail to identify short circuits, the result is a faulty PCB. This problem can occur because of components that are not soldered properly, or they are installed improperly. In some cases, counterfeit components may cause this issue. To prevent these problems, proper PCB assembly testing methods should be used.


Laser inspection methods for short circuit of PCB boards can be used to detect the misconnections in a PCB. This can be done using two methods. The first method is known as the “Liquid Penetration Test” and the second method is known as the “Three-Dimensional Laser Paste.” Both methods are used to identify the defect in the soldering process.

Another method is Automated Optical Inspection, or A.O.I. This method uses a camera and computer vision to take HD images of the entire PCB board. Its unique features allow it to inspect 100% of its components. It also provides two types of data, one for the attributes of a part that is misplaced or missing, and the second for positional information.

Infrared inspection is another method for locating a short circuit in a PCB board. Infrared cameras can also be used to find these hot spots. Using a multimeter with milliohm sensitivity is the most convenient way to use this technique.

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