Solder Bridge of Wave Soldering Causes and Solutions

Solder Bridge of Wave Soldering Causes and Solutions

In the process of soldering components, a problem called Solider bridge of wave soldering can occur. The problem can be caused by a variety of factors. Here are some causes and solutions. Listed below are three possible causes of this problem. The first reason is a result of improper soldering.

Solider bridge of wave soldering

Solider bridges are made by joining two soldered leads. Unlike traditional soldering, wave soldering uses an elastic barrier to separate the leads from the solder. This barrier protects the solder from oxidation and helps to maintain the high surface tension of the solder.

Wave soldering offers better accuracy than manual welding, but it also has certain drawbacks. The curing temperature is high, and the quality of the adhesive can be poor. Wave soldering can also lead to a dirty PCB surface, especially on large and uneven PCBs. It’s also possible for the solder to come off the PCB because of a high flux content or an extreme preheating temperature.

Wave soldering can also result in solder bridges between adjacent SOD components. Solder bridging is a serious defect because it can cause an electrical short. Another problem is the tombstone effect, in which a component is lifted during wave soldering. This is often the result of using components with different solderability requirements or utilizing the wrong lead length.


A solider bridge can occur when solder is applied across the last pad of a soldered connection. This can occur in a number of different ways. Often solder thieves are located adjacent to the last set of pads, or in a soldering arc. Fortunately, there are ways to prevent solder bridges.

Solder bridging is a common soldering defect that can lead to electrical shorts. In wave soldering, solder may flow between two connectors, which can lead to this problem. Incorrect lead lengths and using different solderability requirements are two common causes of solder bridges.

Another common cause of a solider bridge being dropped from the wave is an improper solder pot temperature. If the temperature of the solder pot is too high, the solider bridges will break off. Several factors can affect this problem, including flux type and quantity, as well as the angle at which the component is traversed through the wave.


Solider bridge of wave soldering can be caused by several factors. First, a low preheat temperature can fail to activate the flux. In such a case, the excess solder is often drawn back to the wave. Also, a small amount of excess solder can create a bridge.

Second, the solder thief can be a cause of solder bridges. In general, this phenomenon occurs in through-hole connections with components that are less than 100 mils apart. Solder thieves can be very useful in these cases, though they are not required in all cases. If you do not want to use a solder thief, choose components with larger centers-to-center spacings. This will minimize the possibility of a solider bridge.

Another cause of solder bridges is the oxidized surface of the components. The oxidized surface of the component will make it more difficult for the solder to adhere to it. This is due to the fact that surface tension causes the solder to repel the oxidized surface.


Solder flow is not a continuous flow. The solder is spread across the board, forming a thin wave that reaches the bottom of the PCB. The front and rear baffles are curved so that the wave is flat. The bottom of the wave lies slightly above the front baffle, while the top is just above the rear baffle. The wave’s surface tension prevents the solder from flowing over the back baffle.

If the solder is applied to the board without sufficient oxygen, it will drop to the wave state. This will make it difficult to see the solder inside the board, but will still make the electrical connection. One solution for this problem is to increase the number of leads on the board. Alternatively, you can change the stencil design to prevent off-contact solder paste printing.

Wave soldering can be confusing. It has been around before most people were even born. Despite this fact, many people find it difficult to understand and control. Luckily, there are now automated methods for mass soldering.

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