What Is The Function And Principle Of PCB Via Hole?

What Is The Function And Principle Of PCB Via Hole?

A PCB via hole is an open hole, drilled through a PCB. The wall of the hole is coated with a plating solution, which allows electrical signals to flow through the hole. When drilling a via hole, it is important to follow fabricator rules to ensure the correct diameter and aspect ratio. The minimum distance between adjacent vias must also be observed.

Through-hole vias

PCB through-hole vias are commonly used for signal transitions on circuit boards. There are various types of vias, including blind vias, buried vias, and microvias. Each type of via requires a certain procedure during placement. These vias are placed during the routing stage of the design process and can either be manually placed or automatically placed using EDA software. By following PCB via design rules, a circuit board can be manufactured to the exact specifications it needs.

The principle and function of PCB through-hole vias is to route the signal away from the pad. This is usually done with the use of a solder mask. This will prevent solder paste from wicking into the via, which can result in connection failures. However, if a via is positioned inside a pad drilling hole, the soldermask cannot be used on the via, which creates a reliability problem during assembly.

Buried vias

Buried vias are used to increase the circuitry on a PCB without increasing the board’s size or weight. They are fabricated using a different process from a standard double-sided PCB. Unlike other types of buried vias, they do not affect surface mount components or trace.

Buried vias are often used for design reasons, including meeting component density requirements. They also reduce board size, but the process also requires more precision checks and steps in the manufacturing process. Buried vias are also cheaper to produce, but you should use a reputable electronic contract manufacturing partner for the project.


Microvias are holes with a small diameter that are plated. They are used to increase wiring density while reducing the number of layers on the circuit board. Microvias also reduce the need for through-hole vias and allow for a smaller overall pad size. They are also one of the most cost-effective methods for increasing wiring density. This article focuses on the benefits of microvias and how they can help you make your design work better.

Microvias are used to reduce the number of holes on a printed circuit board. They can be as small as 15 um in diameter. This technique requires more time and effort but has significant advantages. Microvias also offer better signal integrity because they have shorter connection paths with less parasitic inductance.

Anilinear ring

The PCB via hole is a hole drilled through all layers of the PCB and plated with copper for electrical connection. This hole has a cylindrical shape and a thin diameter. Its diameter and strength depend on the diameter of the copper pad surrounding it.

PCB vias can be made of different materials. The materials used in vias are often made from various metals. Vias are typically made of copper or epoxy. Using via-in-pads minimizes PCB space, resulting in smaller boards. However, this practice can be troublesome because soldering may fill up the via holes. This is why it is recommended to use via-in-pads as little as possible.


When designing a PCB, it is important to consider how reliable the PCB via hole is. If it fails to operate reliably, it can lead to reliability issues. Reliability issues may also result from solder leakage into the via. This webinar will help you understand why reliability of PCB via holes is important, and offer some solutions.

A PCB via hole’s reliability depends on its size. There are two basic types of via holes: blind vias and buried vias. Both are important for signal integrity, as they reduce noise and EMI, and help prevent cracking and delamination. In general, the size of a PCB via hole should be six to 150 micrometers.


PCB via holes are an excellent way to ensure the reliability of your circuit boards. They allow the PCB to be plated without air or other liquids getting trapped inside. By using this technique, you can increase the reliability of your circuit boards and improve assembly yields. This process is also very effective in helping you minimize the risk of voids.

PCB via hole technology is a popular method of signal transfer. This technique places copper pads directly on the via, rather than routing a signal trace away from the component’s copper surface. This process also reduces the amount of space needed for trace routing. This method is most commonly used with BGA components with pitches of 0.5mm and smaller. Using this technology reduces the length of signal paths and reduces both capacitance and parasitic inductance.

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